Blood is a mixture of liquid and proteins. The liquid portion of blood is called plasma, while the proteins include red cells, white cells and platelets. Platelets are best known for their importance in clotting blood. However, platelets also contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors. Just as the name suggests, platelet rich plasma (PRP) is plasma with many more platelets than that typically found in blood. The concentration of platelets in platelet rich plasma and, thereby, the concentration of growth factors can be up to 10 times higher (or richer) than in normal blood.
In order to make platelet rich plasma (PRP), blood must first be drawn from a patient. Once drawn the patients’ blood is placed in a centrifuge that will separate the red cells, white cells and platelets. The isolated platelets are mixed with the protein free plasma, to create a new solution comprised of mainly platelets, growth factors and plasma – Platelet Rich Plasma.
Creating Platelet Rich Plasma essentially allows us to isolate and concentrate your intrinsic growth factors (a few of which include PDGF, TGF, IL, PDAF, VEGF, EGF, IGF and fibronectin). Once isolated these growth factors are applied to your skin via either injection or surface application to improve healing, skin texture and tone, reduce fine lines and scarring, and stimulate collagen/elastin and skin cell production for a plumper, more radiant complexion.
PRP stimulates collagen and elastin production which thickens and tightens thinning skin, effectively smoothing wrinkles and fine lines. Because it boosts collagen, it’s also a great treatment for improving overall skin texture and tone and is particularly good for people who suffer from rosacea or acne.
Because it uses your own natural proteins and growth factors, PRP is very safe. It’s also not a new treatment. It’s long been recognised and used in the hospital system and in sports medicine for its effective wound healing properties since the 1970s.
What to Expect
First the physician will evaluate to determine if you would be a good candidate for PRP treatment.
We recommend that you avoid taking anti-inflammatories (such as ibuprofen or naprosyn) or aspirin for at least one week prior to beginning PRP treatment.
On the day of the treatment your blood will be drawn from a small vein in your arm.
This blood will be placed into a special centrifuge machine designed specifically for producing platelet rich plasma.
The separation and concentration process will take approximately 15 minutes to produce the platelet rich plasma.
The concentrated platelet rich plasma will then be injected, or applied on your skin.
Patients should expect mild discomfort but no pain during the procedure.
Indications for Treatment:
- Improve skin texture and tone
- Reduces fine lines and scarring
- Stimulates collagen/elastin and skin cell production
- Speeds tissue healing